Are Engineers Disappearing? Why state-funded places remain at leading universities

In addition, many people are forced to stay at home due to the difficult economic situation, because in another city they need money for living. These subjects are not chosen not only because they are not interesting, but and because there are not enough teachers who are ready to ensure the passing of these subjects by 70-100 points». Finally, now universities give the applicant a choice of which subjects can provide USE scores for the same specialty. The authors of the channel explain this by the fact that there was simply no one to enter: “On” 250 thousand budget places with specialized mathematics, only 240 thousand people passed it successfully. Just accept reality as it is, and work in this reality, achieve the results that you can achieve. Aif.ru looked into the reasons for such a shortage of students. And not everyone managed to submit consents online in a timely manner, for example — this cannot be ruled out either. This year, benefits were added (deferment from the army, employment) specifically for IT people. Children will understand how the correct mathematics works — from  quality professors, and not from not very professional schoolteachers. In addition, in recent years, IT areas have been actively promoted: the number of budget places has increased, and active advertising has been carried out. However, the shortage also affected some leading universities. The and in the admission committee of the Ural Federal University (Yekaterinburg) confirm the same thing. As they wrote in the  Boiling MEPhI telegram channel, 5 of 10 universities of the first group included in the Priority-2030 program (essentially chosen as leaders of science and research), students were missing: TSU, TPU, UrFU, MSTU, MIPT. As a result, an additional set was officially announced. These can be lessons in schools from university teachers, advanced training of school teachers in higher education institutions. The academician also names another reason for the decrease in the motivation for enrolling in engineering universities. Last year, this figure was 94%. For example, math — required, and physics or computer science — to choice. Petersburg, Tomsk, Novosibirsk were afraid to submit documents and went to local universities, where they were guaranteed to pass. Natural Process Nevertheless, the situation is not so critical. — There could have been more difficult tasks, which led to a decrease in the overall GPA. «Let them teach me»< /h2> The universities cite the fact that children are poorly taught mathematics and physics in schools. If weak children come, let the department of general mathematics teach children this. Petersburg State University of Industrial Technologies and Demidov Alexey Demidovbelieves that it is wrong to talk about  failed recruitment and lower level of applicants. And and and take on technical specialties sometimes physically. And also often don teach children to think, but teach some mechanical things». ” height=”120″ width=”100″ style=”display: block;” /> «Such is the reality that interest in school mathematics of children is declining — confirms Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexei Semyonov.    School mathematics, just like mathematics, which is required in junior courses of technical universities, has nothing to do real life, to tasks that have to be solved. png” height=”120″ width=”100″ style=”display: block;” /> Rector of the Moscow Polytechnic University Vladimir Miklushevskybelieves that in order to rectify the situation and attract school graduates to engineering fields, it is important to pay special attention to the training of children and career guidance. And although there           there were  there were  the initially there were                           there were            ), who then chose one university. And just to teach kids how these models work». — And nobody made a tragedy. Were you not taught enough mathematics?          —  — shared Director of the Department for Work with FEFU Applicants Mikhail Kompanets.— In during the year, we carried out systematic work to popularize priority educational areas. “Don't” think that this is such a problem. This is the path taken at Far Eastern Federal University. We can draw conclusions about the preparation of applicants after the first semester. So I don't see»any failed set. They learn to solve problems on their own instead of solving new interesting problems from life. These are almost entirely engineers, including specialists in chemical technology and energy. In total, no more than 190 thousand people took physics and computer science. Aleksey Demidov emphasizes that the change in the interest of applicants towards the side of IT specialties — normal process. Or you need to use, for example, mathematical models that are in computer. The shortage amounted to hundreds of state-funded places, mainly in complex engineering specialties. According to the results of enrollment in one wave, 97.5% of places were closed. Moreover, initially, according to the rules of admission, enrollment should have been on August 3rd or on the 9th — if there are places left. The course of informatics in the school is small. Moreover, they were ready to enroll in them under a contract, preferring them budget places in engineering or electric power». Graduates stayed at home This year 73% of state-funded places in universities were given to the regions. True, they were empty for a short time. Yes  and  it    everything is not so rosy. The mathematics that he considers necessary. “With every year the number of schoolchildren who take physics and especially chemistry in the form of the USE —— told in the press service of UrFU. In 1-2 places remained in the direction of natural sciences, in particular, in astronomy. “Boiling MEPhI” explains this by the fact that many of those who could pass to the leading universities of Moscow, St. The shortage is everywhere in engineering specialties. Applications were allowed until  25 August, and the last orders for enrollment will be issued on 16 September. As a result, even those who passed physics often chose IT areas. Moreover, these unfilled places often amount to 1-2%. Applicants quickly got their bearings and reapplied to the remaining places. Engineering in Soviet times occupied a different position in society than engineering today. It is possible that not all applicants could immediately understand priorities and submit documents correctly. The university immediately managed to close all 748 budget places in  engineering areas. And next, think about whether the really need that or other mathematical knowledge that you require of of them. And the low salaries of engineers so far also attract few. At the time of enrollment in UrFU, 337 budget places were not filled. As part of the admissions campaign, we held an online open day and lectures, talked about promising engineering specialties, organized tours of university laboratories for schoolchildren and their parents. “If we compare the last years of admission campaigns, then and earlier not all universities recruited 100% of state-funded places on a specific date, — the expert explains. The fact that now many people want to go to IT, and the part of those who pass physics has decreased, is also natural. The contradiction between tradition and life leads to such a result. — This year, profile mathematics — about 10 & nbsp; thousand who did not pass. Many used the online service for enrollment in public services. However, the expert believes that there is nothing particularly catastrophic if children enter universities poorly prepared in mathematics, and they have to complete their education. Rate the material Истoчник aif.ru This is a tradition. Rector of St. In addition, we work closely with industrial companies and jointly develop practice-oriented educational programs». «Even if the average USE score has dropped, say, in physics — this also does not indicate unequivocally that a smaller number of people are ready to apply, — notes the rector. In the next years, the pendulum may swing in the other direction. It would seem that the places should have remained in some supernumerary regional universities.