Blades from Siberian burial mounds told scientists about the drama of the Mongol era

Gorbachev (KuzGTU). The analysis of the unique collection of medieval weapons, collected in the course of many years of research on the region's mounds, was completed by archaeologists of the T.F. Broadswords, as scientists note, appeared in the use of local tribes in the middle of the 8th century, and sabers – in the 11th century. Experts associate these “innovations” with the first and second waves of migration of the Turks, which brought with them new methods of warfare and weapons. According to them, the finds, some of which contain a historical mystery, clarify the history of the migrations of the Turks. Mongol aggression and the early stages of their rule. Sabers and broadswords are the most important means of close combat for medieval steppe cultures. The Kuznetsk Basin has become a new home for the tribes ousted by Genghis Khan & # 34; – said Andrey Ilyushin, professor of the Department of History, Philosophy and Social Sciences of KuzGTU. The Kuznetsk depression, which occupies most of the region, according to scientists, was its a kind of natural fortress, protected from the great steppe by mountains and the nearby taiga. During excavations on the territory of Kuzbass, archaeologists of KuzGTU and their colleagues found in 23 burial monuments 8 broadswords and 28 sabers dating from the VIII-XIV centuries. At the turn of the XII-XIII centuries, as scientists explained, the Mongol tribes quickly united under the rule of the young Khan Temujin, who later became famous as Genghis Khan. This was reported by the press service of the university. By toughness and cunning, he subdued all the Turkic neighbors, and those of them who could not get along with the new ruler migrated to the north and northwest. Because of this, it often attracted migrants.