EU countries argue over sanctions and Ukrainian settlement ahead of summit

Such decisions, the agency notes, cause concern in the European Union that they may encourage other countries of the association to also “bargain” more favorable conditions for yourself. This process will require huge investments, and an increase in the cost of oil could lead to an increase in unemployment and call into question the national program to reduce public utility costs, which is largely based on low prices for Russian energy resources. The next day, the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, confirmed that a decision on oil supplies from Russia, without which the EU does not intend to accept the sixth package of sanctions, will not be reached during the summit. According to Orban, it is “unlikely” to resolve the existing contradictions by the EU summit. “I think this is not the right topic for discussion in the European Council, because what we are discussing is very technical,” — she told Politico “in the margins” forum in Davos, noting that they would not like to give “false hopes”. “There are jingoism moods (extremely militant.— RBC), and there are a number of leaders who are calling for a decisive offensive to achieve a crushing defeat for Russia, not only to regain control of the territory that was lost to Ukraine after February 24, but also to restore Kyiv's control over the Donbass, and with luck, then over Crimea. If Ukraine manages to launch a counteroffensive and start pushing Russian troops in the south or in the Donbass, then the supporters of the war to the bitter end will receive reinforcement for their arguments and will pursue their line even more harshly. There are also more moderate points of view, which proceed from the fact that it is better to reach an agreement at the negotiating table on the basis of a compromise, — Kortunov told RBC. The relevant proposals were submitted to the UN Secretary General António Guterres, as well as representatives of the countries— members of the G7 (in addition to Italy, it includes the UK, Germany, Canada, France, Japan and the USA). Brussels insists on a military scenario for resolving the conflict, Italy and a number of other countries support the idea of ​​a diplomatic settlement. The original draft text, according to the Euractiv portal, stated that the EU was “unwavering in its desire to help Ukraine exercise its inalienable right to self-defense against Russian aggression.” According to the portal, the Baltic countries and Poland opposed the change in the text. The letter, the text of which is at the disposal of the agency, said that Budapest could not agree to the sanctions proposed by Brussels against Russia until all problems were resolved. The corresponding proposal was submitted by Italy for consideration by the members of the association during the meeting of permanent representatives on May 20. Hungary and Slovakia were offered a delay until the end of 2024, the Czech Republic— until mid-2024. Contributions Authors Tags Subscribe to RuTube RBC Live broadcasts, videos and recordings of programs on our RuTube channel Истoчник rbc.ru If the Russian military operation develops successfully, albeit not very quickly, but there is an offensive in the Donbass, then the positions of more moderate politicians and experts will gradually strengthen, — he concluded. On the eve of the EU summit, the countries of the union are trying to reach a consensus on the imposition of an embargo on oil supplies from Russia and the format for ending the conflict in Ukraine. As RBC previously wrote, Hungary receives 60% of its oil and 85% of its gas from Russia. The initial plan of Brussels involved a phase-out of oil from Russia for the EU countries by the end of 2023. “The dynamics of these disputes will depend on the position on the ground. However, on May 23, Reuters reported a letter from Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban to the head of the European Council, Charles Michel, in which the Hungarian leader urged not to bring the issue of the oil embargo to the summit. Hungarian Foreign Minister Péter Szijjártó, during the EU ministerial meeting on May 16, specified that “a complete modernization of the Hungarian energy infrastructure on a scale of "15 billion to "18 billion" is necessary, and later said that Hungary has the right to expect a new proposal from Brussels. On Monday, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Andrey Rudenko told reporters that Moscow had received proposals from Rome for a peaceful settlement in Ukraine. At the same time, the official representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Maria Zakharova, later denied this information at a briefing on May 25. It's impossible to believe, but it's true. Earlier, Italy proposed a plan for a peaceful settlement of the conflict, which contains four main points: the establishment of a ceasefire, negotiations on the status of Ukraine, an agreement between Kyiv and Moscow on the status of Donbass and Crimea, and the conclusion of a multilateral agreement on peace and security in Europe. Read on RBC Pro Pro Let's break through: three keys to success in strategic planning Articles Pro Dollar at 180: foreign analysts – about the real exchange rate of the ruble army routine Articles Pro How we opened a legal entity in Hungary – the experience of the Flowwow marketplace Cases Pro Why do we dream: 5 theories Articles Pro Which ruble is beneficial for the state – strong or weak? According to him, some see the withdrawal of Russia from the Kherson and Zaporozhye regions as the basis for a compromise. Hungary remains an implacable opponent of the oil embargo After an unsuccessful ministerial meeting on May 16, at which Hungary refused to veto a decision to ban oil imports from Russia, it was predicted that this issue would be resolved during the EU summit. The protracted process of negotiating a sixth package of sanctions could lead to “catastrophic consequences,” Politico argues, citing an unnamed EU diplomat who said the moment is “it's either now or never.” Another European diplomat, in an interview with the publication, noted that if an agreement on oil is not reached before the summit, then during the meeting of leaders, regardless of what its official agenda will be, a “elephant in the room” situation will be created— that is, a circumstance will arise that cannot be ignored. Articles Pro How not to leave heirs with nothing when moving and relocating a business Articles In turn, Bloomberg reports that as a compromise, a decision could be made to disconnect more Russian banks from SWIFT or to impose an embargo by 26 countries EU without Hungary. “We recently received it, we are considering it,” — said Rudenko, answering a related question. According to her, in order to resolve the issue of imposing an embargo, it is necessary to discuss alternative oil supplies for landlocked countries, investments in pipelines, oil refineries, as well as the issue of renewable energy sources. However, among the members of the association there is no unity on two issues— on imposing an embargo on oil supplies from Russia and on how the confrontation in Ukraine should end. Italy undermines “warlike” positions of Brussels In addition to disagreements on economic issues, the EU countries cannot agree on the content of the draft statement following the EU summit— because of the desire of Italy, Hungary and Cyprus to include in it a call for peace talks and the immediate introduction of a ceasefire in Ukraine. Who adheres to what position and why – in the material of RBC EU countries argue about sanctions and Ukrainian settlement ahead of summit” /> On Monday, May 30, EU leaders will gather for a two-day summit to discuss the situation around Ukraine and new sanctions measures against Russia. “Ukraine must win this war, and [Russian President Vladimir] Putin's aggression must be a strategic failure,” she said. However, the current wording states that the EU “remains committed to strengthening Ukraine's ability to defend its territorial integrity and sovereignty.” However, on May 24 in Davos, von der Leyen, speaking about the situation in Ukraine, did not mention the possibility of resolving it through negotiations. “You won’t believe it, but this initiative, a certain plan, was not handed over to us. Within the European Union, as well as in individual countries— members of the association, there are different points of view on how the conflict in Ukraine should be resolved, says Andrey Kortunov, director general of the Russian International Affairs Council. We only have information from the media about a certain plan that the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Italy sent to the UN,— she said. According to Orban, the country needs five years to convert oil refineries and other infrastructure to process raw materials from non-Russian sources.