“ International trade should promote peace, prosperity and well-paid jobs, not security risks, '' & mdash; she added. With educational institutions, MIPT entered into agreements on double diplomas, including one year of study abroad. The document assumed that US supplies of certain goods and production technologies for Russia would become impossible. RBC sent inquiries to & Eacute; cole Polytechnique and Grenoble Institute of Technology. A number of companies from China and Pakistan included in the sanctions list are suspected by the US Department of Commerce of involvement in the modernization of the PRC's armed forces and the development of Pakistan's nuclear program. Subscribe to RBC's Instagram Get news faster than anyone Истoчник rbc.ru Prior to that, MSTU im. “ This is another hostile step towards Russia, '' & mdash; he appreciated. This was stated to RBC by the rector of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology Dmitry Livanov, commenting on the decision of the US Department of Commerce to add the university to the sanctions list. At the time, Baumank officials explained that the university prepares general engineers who work for foreign companies as well. Press Secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov then expressed regret about the decision, calling it a “ kick '' for already bad relations between countries. Bauman & mdash; in December 2020, as reported by the newspaper Vedomosti, the university received an official letter from the official distributor of Microsoft, Softline, in which it was reported that due to new export restrictions against Russia, China and Venezuela, the company could not participate in tenders, since technologies can be used for ultimate military purposes. Dmitry Livanov said that he was surprised by the decision of the US Department of Commerce to impose sanctions, since MIPT cooperates with various organizations both in Russia and in other countries of the world due to its high positions in academic rankings Dmitry Livanov Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT), due to its leading positions in world academic rankings, cooperates with private and state-owned companies in Russia and abroad. The head of the ministry Gina Raimondo also explained that such a measure should prevent the transfer of American technology to Moscow. Among the goods that fall under the restrictions are chemicals, generators for nuclear power plants, electronic devices, software, various equipment for sea vessels, as well as for aircraft. The US Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) published rules at the end of December 2020 that would apply export restrictions to a number of organizations from Russia that were previously recognized as “ military end users '': for example, Roscosmos. '' This made it possible to recognize the “ military end users '' civilian producers. In addition to MIPT, the list also includes companies from China and Pakistan, which the United States considers to be involved in the modernization of the People's Army of China, as well as in Pakistan's nuclear program. Military End User includes not only the military, but also the national police, guards, intelligence, and any person or organization whose actions are “ intended to support military use. '' Livanov expressed the hope that the imposed sanctions will not prevent MIPT from cooperating in the academic field with US universities and research institutes and the university will be able to “ continue to build fruitful cooperation with leading world scientists and research centers for the benefit of the development of global science. N.E. The US Department of Commerce added the institute to the sanctions list on November 24, the department explained that the reason was the development of military products by the MIPT for a military customer. Raimondo noted that Islamabad's nuclear program is 'unsafe'. BIS will also follow a waiver policy. At the same time, one of the main consequences of including in the list & mdash; the need for a license from the US Department of Commerce for deliveries to the organizations that are in the register. “ We are surprised by the decision of the US authorities '', & mdash; he said. Livanov noted that the customers of fundamental research and applied developments at MIPT “ are many commercial and state companies both in Russia and around the world. and Rosatom. '' MIPT cooperates with the French institutes Grenoble Institute of Technology and & Eacute; cole Polytechnique.