President Mirziyoyev refused to cancel autonomy, but not to zero

On the contrary, he constantly emphasizes his desire for the democratization of Uzbek society. Mirizeev won the elections with a result of more than 80% of the vote. “Until recently, we have not seen any usurping tendency in his speeches and behavior. But due to the events in Karakalpakstan, the parliament announced the extension of the public discussion until July 15. On the evening of July 2, President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev arrived in the capital of the autonomy. “We are looking at the low base effect now. Now, according to Kislov, there is a cleansing of the region— security forces massively detain political activists. Kislov noted that the authorities and pro-government experts explain the need to extend presidential powers to seven years by saying that “it is necessary to give time to a person with political will who makes reforms.” If we talk about how the Uzbek society will react to the rewriting of the Constitution, we can hardly expect a riot because of the president's intentions to stay in power, Kislov predicts. Why the protests started Protests in the autonomous republic began on July 1, after the Uzbek authorities presented a draft constitution, according to which the autonomy was deprived of sovereignty and the right to secede from the country following a referendum. A little less than 2 million people live in it (the population of Uzbekistan is more than 34 million). “Let's say it openly, if the new Constitution is adopted, it will, of course, create the opportunity for all citizens, including the current president, to participate in elections under the new Constitution. In 1932-1936, Karakalpakstan was an autonomous republic within the RSFSR, then it was transferred to the Uzbek SSR. At a meeting with local deputies, he promised not to change the articles of the Constitution of Uzbekistan that guarantee the rights of autonomy. Whether the president will use this opportunity, this right or not, depends primarily on this person and the party that nominates him. Mirziyoyev refused to abolish autonomy, but not to zero” /> Shavkat Mirziyoyev As a result of protests that began in early July in Nukus, the capital of the Karakalpakstan Autonomous Republic within Uzbekistan, 18 people were killed and 243 were injured. In addition, the amendments increase the term of office of the head of state from five to seven years. This may be a mistake, because “they are made into national heroes of Karakalpakstan”, and “the issue of autonomy cannot be resolved in this way”. “He would just throw bombs at them,” — expert suggested. The Republic of Karakalpakstan is located in the west of Uzbekistan and occupies 40% of the country's territory. Kislov believes that so far there are no grounds to accuse Mirziyoyev of wanting to rule for two more terms of seven years each. “Karimov's model of government assumed a one-man form of power. Tashkent planned to hold a referendum on the adoption of amendments to the Basic Law in July & August of this year. Under him, Uzbekistan— more export-oriented state»,— Chizhova says. According to the current Constitution of Uzbekistan, Karakalpakstan independently decides on the issues of its administrative structure and has the right to withdraw from the country on the basis of a referendum. Why does the president of Uzbekistan need to reset the term The adoption of the new constitution will also allow the presidential terms of Shavkat Mirziyoyev, whose second term will expire in 2026, to be reset to zero, Sadyk Safayev, vice speaker of the upper house of the Uzbek parliament, said in mid-June. It's time to “buy the bottom” or it's ahead – expert opinions Pro forecasts How to distinguish a conflicting interview candidate: 7 signs Pro instructions Weather dependence: myth or reality Pro instructions Head into the pool: why quick changes are easier to survive than gradual ArticlesThe authorities of Uzbekistan suppressed the protests in Karakalpakstan harshly, initiating a criminal case on encroachment on the constitutional system a rude response to those who disagree with the amendments to the Constitution, notes an expert on Central Asia, the founder of the Fergana.ru agency; Daniel Kislov. While Mirziyoyev has a completely different policy aimed at maximum inclusion in the world community. On the night of July 2, judging by publications in local media and social networks, law enforcement agencies began to forcibly disperse the protesters, using stun grenades, tear gas and rubber bullets. What amendments to the Constitution are being discussed in Uzbekistan and why are they needed After mass protests in the Karakalpakstan autonomy, Tashkent refused to change its status, but not plans to rewrite every second article of the republic's Constitution. Read on RBC Pro Pro Why bonds of Russian companies are traded for a third of their face value USA is falling. Shooting in Nukus was heard all the next day. The changes Mirziyoyev wants to make take time. Some of the proposed amendments are focused on Mirziyoyev’s ability to rule the country for two additional terms, but at the same time, it is proposed to make serious changes to the system in terms of protecting human rights, for example, to abolish the death penalty, says Darya, director of the Information and Analytical Center for the Study of Socio-Political Processes in the Post-Soviet Space of Moscow State University. In the region, first mobile and then stationary Internet were quickly turned off. Chizhov. For Mirziyoyev, it is very important to change the image of Uzbekistan in front of Europe and America, because investments come from there and tourists come,— the expert explained. In 1993, between the authorities of Karakalpakstan and Uzbekistan, an interstate agreement “On the entry of the Republic of Karakalpakstan into the Republic of Uzbekistan” was signed. The independence of the republic must be protected by the authorities of Uzbekistan. On July 3, the situation in the city stabilized, no explosions or shooting were heard, a Gazeta.uz correspondent reported from Nukus. Now the authorities need to restructure the country, and this takes time, which is reflected in the increase in the presidential term, the expert concludes. “If the Karakalpak people are dissatisfied, not a single article will ever be changed,” — Mirziyoyev said. 94 remain in hospitals, including some seriously injured, representatives of the National Guard and the Prosecutor's Office of Uzbekistan said at a July 4 briefing. He talks about the rights and freedoms of citizens. But he will have this right, & mdash; said Safaev. However, this is not as harsh a response as one would expect from former President Islam Karimov, who ruled the country from 1989 for 25 years. 159 of the Criminal Code of Uzbekistan— conspiracy to seize power or overthrow the constitutional order. For example, the word “secular [state]” will appear in the Constitution, — Kislov notes. On Sunday, July 3, Mirziyoyev again arrived in Nukus and for the first time declared human casualties, noting that “individual rioters tried to clash with law enforcement officers, invade protected areas, throw stones and various objects at buildings,” and “ ;several groups attempted to seize the buildings of the Nukus Main Department of Internal Affairs and the administration of the National Guard in order to seize weapons». Why does the current authorities of the country need this? Dauletmurat Tazhimuratov, a local journalist and activist, called on to take to the streets and rally for the secession of the republic from Uzbekistan, who expressed his readiness to become the “leader of the Karakalpaks.” On the same day he was detained, but after the demonstrations began, he was released. Karakalpakstan has its own flag, coat of arms and anthem. But so far there are no signs that Uzbekistan wants to deviate from this path. Uzbekistan has an extremely paternalistic society; since the 1990s, there has not been a single opposition party in the country, not a single protest movement, including unofficial ones. Authors Tags Subscribe to RuTube RBC Live broadcasts, videos and recordings of programs on our RuTube channel Истoчник rbc.ru According to the OSCE Mission Report on the Elections, “Recent reforms, which have gradually led to positive changes, have not yet resulted in the creation of a truly pluralistic environment.” It was planned that the draft constitutional amendments prepared by the special commission would be at the national discussion until July 4. But again, it was all done from a low point,»,— Chizhova illustrated her idea. In addition, it is proposed to stipulate a ban on interference in the work of lawyers, as well as to make judges irremovable, the expert lists the key amendments to the Basic Law. “If we look at the amendments that have been made, then they contain moments that have long seemed vital and important for Uzbekistan. And on July 4, the country's prosecutor's office announced the initiation of a criminal case against Dauletmurat Tazhimuratov for infringement on the constitutional order (up to 20 years in prison). What does Mirziyoyev's constitutional reform imply Changing the status of Karakalpakstan, which Tashkent has already abandoned,— only part of what the authorities were going to change in the current Constitution. “As world practice shows, constitutional reforms were carried out in many states during the period of cardinal changes,” — he declared. A total of 170 amendments have been proposed, and every second article will be amended. Shavkat Mirziyoyev announced plans to reform it in November 2021, on the day of his inauguration for a second presidential term. What amazing changes have taken place in the economy, even in the political and social spheres. 516 rioters were detained, a criminal case was initiated under Part 4 of Art. Even from an economic point of view, the Karimov system worked for import substitution, for closing borders, and reducing communication with neighbors. He also introduced a state of emergency in Karakalpakstan for a month and a curfew, which operates from 21:00 to 7:00 local time. True, most of the changes are cosmetic, but there are amendments that curtail presidential powers. July protests in the republic— the most massive manifestation of public discontent in the country after the events of 2005 in Andijan. Active contacts with the West presuppose self-restraint or compliance with at least the formal features of a democratic multi-vector state, she continues. On the evening of July 1, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Uzbekistan announced that public order had been restored in the republic, and the reason for the incident was “an incorrect interpretation of the constitutional reforms.” local residents.