The most “intimate” places of the Universe. What will James Webb see in space?

Scowen (Arizona State University) Infrared Saturn. Noll (Hubble Heritage PI/STScI), C. © Flickr.com/NASA, NOAO, ESA and The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA); Acknowledgment: K. Clampin (STScI), G. © Flickr.com/NASA, ESA, and J. Ford (JHU), G. © Flickr.com/Erich Karkoschka (University of Arizona) and NASA Jupiter, its moon Io and the shadow from the satellite falling on the surface of the planet. © Flickr.com/NASA, NOAO, ESA and The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA); Acknowledgment: K. 2007 year. The equipment of the new telescope will allow it to look into dust clouds where future stars and planetary systems are currently being born. Blakeslee, R. We will be able not only to discover new exoplanets, but also to explore their atmospheres. © Flickr.com/Erich Karkoschka (University of Arizona) and NASA Jupiter, its moon Io and the shadow from the satellite falling on the surface of the planet. Pictures of 2008. Snapshot of 2010. Astronomy textbooks usually present galaxies as lonely and majestic worlds of sparkling stars. Hartig, T. 1999 year. If we see that there are many rogue planets in the galaxy, this version will be confirmed. The infrared range in which the telescope operates will allow you to look beyond the clouds of dust that obscure the most “ intimate '' places of the Universe: there is the formation of stars and their planetary systems. He made many discoveries and took millions of stunning images of galaxies and nebulae. On the other hand, thanks to its unprecedented sensitivity to infrared radiation, it will be able to “ look into the past '': observe the light of the first stars and galaxies that arose shortly after the Big Bang about 13.5 billion years ago. Ford, G. There must be such a breed of planets that have long since flown out of their systems and roam the galaxy alone. Bouwe The Omega Nebula, 2003. How is it better than the Hubble? © Flickr.com/NASA, H. Bartko, N. © Flickr.com/NASA, ESA, STScI, J. Snapshot of 2010. Anderson, F. 1999 year. “This object,” writes NASA, “reminiscent of a nightmare beast raising its head from a crimson sea, is in fact a harmless column of gas and dust.” The picture was taken in 2002. Illingworth (UCSC/LO), M. © Flickr.com/NASA, H. Hartig (STScI), the ACS Science Team, and ESA; The ACS Science Team: H. Ford (JHU), G. He should be replaced by James Webb. Evans (University of Virginia, Charlottesville/NRAO/Stony Brook University) “Mystic Mountain” inside the Carina Nebula. Luginbuhl (USNO), F. Hester (ASU) A ring of blue stars around the galaxy AM 0644-741. It's kind of a small, insignificant part of the galaxy, but very interesting, because we don't know anything about them at all. Jordan (STScI) Whirlpool Galaxy or M 51 in the constellation Hounds Dogs. I think James Webb will do no less. © Flickr.com/NASA, ESA, and the Hubble Heritage Team (AURA/STScI); Acknowledgment: J. Bouwe The Omega Nebula, 2003. Hester (ASU) A ring of blue stars around the galaxy AM 0644-741. They are called rogue planets or rogue planets. Actually, the telescope will record not the stars themselves, but the events of their incredibly powerful, but very distant explosions. Jordan (STScI) Whirlpool Galaxy or M 51 in the constellation Hounds Dogs. Hamilton (Hubble Heritage/STScI) The Cone Nebula. © Flickr.com/N. This is the first color photograph of the planet Jupiter taken in 1991 with the space telescope's wide-angle camera. The orbital infrared observatory, named after the former head of NASA, will begin scientific observations six months after launch. © Flickr.com/NASA, ESA, S. Failure of even one of them will lead to the failure of the entire project. It is assumed that the ring was formed in a collision with another galaxy, while due to gravitational destruction, dust in the galaxy is compacted and forms stars. © Flickr.com/NASA, ESA, and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA) The best pictures of the Hubble telescope in history Jupiter. Namely, planets flying apart from their stars. Hester and P. Moreover, he will be able to see their satellites! Blakeslee, R. Higdon (Cornell U.) and I. Westphal (Caltech) “Pillars of Creation” in the Eagle Nebula. I would like to believe that its capabilities will really allow us to see the young Universe, its first stars and galaxies. © Flickr.com/NASA, ESA, and J. Anderson, F. Pictures of 2008. And if Hubble studies the Universe primarily at optical and ultraviolet wavelengths, then his changer will observe it in the infrared range. The Hubble Space Telescope, which has been in low-Earth orbit since 1990, is undoubtedly the greatest achievement of world science and humanity in general. But Hubble has exhausted its resource and is technically out of date. Scowen (Arizona State University) Infrared Saturn. Clampin, G. Illingworth (UCSC/LO), M. But galaxies can be located in space close enough for mutual gravity to significantly affect the shape, motion, star formation processes, and in some cases, the exchange of matter between them. & Nbsp; Senior Researcher at the State Astronomical Institute named after P.K.Sternberg Moscow State University, candidate of physical and mathematical sciences Vladimir Surdin : & mdash; I hope the JWST finds something that few people pay attention to. Noll (Hubble Heritage PI/STScI), C. in a variety of areas of research for the benefit of science. © Flickr.com/NASA, ESA, the Hubble Heritage (STScI/AURA) -ESA/Hubble Collaboration, and A. Hubble worked for more than 30 years and significantly changed the picture of the world not only of scientists, but also of earthlings in general. Clampin, G. & Nbsp; What discoveries are scientists expecting? Hartig, T. What interests me the most is the exoplanet results that the JWST will receive: it has serious observational advantages for this. From James Webb are waiting for a breakthrough in exoplanet research. Academician Lev Zelyoniy, Scientific Director of the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences : & mdash; Launching JWST & mdash; this is not just a long-awaited event for science, it is a milestone, the next stage in the knowledge of the Universe. Westphal (Caltech) “Pillars of Creation” in the Eagle Nebula. & Nbsp; Thanks to these observations, we, firstly, will be able to understand how our own planetary system was formed … After all, we, for example, still do not know where the moon came from. Истoчник aif.ru The picture was taken in 2005. Luginbuhl (USNO), F. © Flickr.com/NASA, ESA and J. Benitez, J. © Flickr.com/NASA, ESA, and the Hubble Heritage Team (AURA/STScI); Acknowledgment: J. The difficulty lies not in launching the telescope itself (there is no tragedy in its transfers), but in the fact that now more than 300 critical operations will follow to open the antennas and prepare all the complex equipment for work. This is the first color photograph of the planet Jupiter taken in 1991 with the space telescope's wide-angle camera. 2007 year. The cost of the project has grown steadily and now stands at about $ 10 billion. © Flickr.com/John Spencer (Lowell Observatory) and NASA The Horsehead Nebula in the constellation Orion is one of the most photographed objects in space. What if there are liquid oceans in the waters of which unknown life forms live? In general, he will be more keen-sighted than his predecessor. Allen, K. The orbiting infrared observatory will provide information about the atmospheres of exoplanets and, possibly, even find traces of life in them. Hamilton (Hubble Heritage/STScI) The Cone Nebula. The picture was taken in 2001. Beckwith (STScI), and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA) Nebula in the constellation Carina. Smith (University of California, Berkeley) and NOAO/AURA/NSF Interacting galaxies. Benitez, J. Bartko, N. The James Webb Space Telescope (or simply the James Webb Telescope) was launched from the Kourou Cosmodrome in French Guiana. & Nbsp; Scientific Director of the Institute of Astronomy of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Boris Shustov : & mdash; JWST project & mdash; very interesting, very ambitious and record-high for astronomy. Hester and P. The picture was taken in 2005. The image was taken on January 4, 1998 and shows the reflected infrared light of the planet, which provides detailed information about the clouds and haze in Saturn's atmosphere. Astronomy textbooks usually present galaxies as lonely and majestic worlds of sparkling stars. Head of the Astronomical Education Sector of the Moscow Planetarium Alexander Perkhnyak : & mdash; James Webb Telescope a hundred times more powerful, and its instruments 7 times more sensitive than that of the Hubble. Evans (University of Virginia, Charlottesville/NRAO/Stony Brook University) “Mystic Mountain” inside the Carina Nebula. He will be able to see celestial bodies comparable to the Earth and located at a distance of 15 light years from us. AiF.ru interviewed experts to find out what discoveries they expect from the new space telescope. Secondly, on these planets, oddly enough, life is also possible. Ford, G. Illingworth, M. Its development began at the end of the twentieth century, and the launch was originally planned for 2007, but was postponed many times. © Flickr.com/John Spencer (Lowell Observatory) and NASA The Horsehead Nebula in the constellation Orion is one of the most photographed objects in space. The objects in the photograph were given this name because the gas and dust in them are involved in the formation of new stars with the simultaneous destruction of clouds under the light of already formed stars. © Flickr.com/NASA, ESA, the Hubble Heritage (STScI/AURA) -ESA/Hubble Collaboration, and A. Smith (University of California, Berkeley) and NOAO/AURA/NSF Interacting galaxies. Moreover, the scientific challenges ahead of Webb were based on the results obtained from Hubble. With the help of James Webb infrared instruments it will be possible to see, for example, what is under the ice that cover Jupiter's moon Europa and Saturn's moon Enceladus. Then it will become clear how many of them are in the galaxy as a percentage compared to the planets that remained with their stars. There is a version that some celestial body hit the Earth, and so it had a satellite. But galaxies can be located in space close enough for mutual gravity to significantly affect the shape, motion, star formation processes, and in some cases, the exchange of matter between them. The picture was taken in 1995. Beckwith (STScI), and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA) A nebula in the constellation Carina. Yes, it's dark in there. 2004 year. It will have to complement and expand on the discoveries made by Hubble. © Flickr.com/NASA, ESA, S. The most anticipated event of 2021 by astrophysicists has been postponed several times, including due to bad weather. Hartig (STScI), the ACS Science Team, and ESA; The ACS Science Team: H. And that's just “ Webb '' will work in this range and will surely discover many such planets. It is assumed that the ring was formed in a collision with another galaxy, while due to gravitational destruction, dust in the galaxy is compacted and forms stars. The fact is that the further away an astronomical object is, the more it has a shift in the red spectrum. 2004 year. But his tasks are slightly different. Allen, K. © Flickr.com/N. In short, the James Webb Space Telescope (in English, the name is sometimes abbreviated to the abbreviation JWST) & mdash; it is a new generation orbiting infrared observatory. The objects in the photograph were given this name because the gas and dust in them are involved in the formation of new stars with the simultaneous destruction of clouds under the light of already formed stars. © Flickr.com/NASA, ESA, STScI, J. I would like to wish our colleagues success, which they have long deserved. Its availability is also encouraging: scientists can submit project applications and use the James Webb telescope. Clampin (STScI), G. Higdon (Cornell U.) and I. The picture was taken in 2001. This cosmic summit, three light years high, is composed of dust and gas and shows signs of intense star formation. The best images of the Hubble telescope ever Jupiter. Thanks to this telescope, the study of planets in other stars will reach a new level. “This object,” writes NASA, “reminiscent of a nightmare beast raising its head from a crimson sea, is in fact a harmless column of gas and dust.” The picture was taken in 2002. More than 20 stars closest to the Sun will fall into the zone of detailed observations. They are not visible in ordinary telescopes, because they are not illuminated by the light of the mother star, they are dark. The picture was taken in 1995. As for my scientific interests, I hope that the new telescope will allow me to see the mysterious giant First Stars (astronomers call them Population III stars). This cosmic summit, three light years high, is composed of dust and gas and shows signs of intense star formation. But, in the end, it is dark underground and deep in the ocean too, but it has its own life. © Flickr.com/NASA, ESA and J. Illingworth, M. © Flickr.com/NASA, ESA, and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA) What is it for? JWST main mirror area & mdash; 25 square meters versus 4.5 at Hubble. But at the same time they glow with their heat in the infrared range. The image was taken on January 4, 1998 and shows the reflected infrared light of the planet, which provides detailed information about the clouds and haze in Saturn's atmosphere. His achievements and discoveries prompted scientists to use longer wavelengths for observations.