President Putin was even asked a question at the final press conference: what happened in Russia over the past year, that a swift and merciless sweep of the information and political field began? I think that this aggravation and tightening is now associated with two factors. Our attitude towards Trump was rather calm, there was an idea that his hands were tied, but he himself would like to come to an agreement with Russia. I think that it is connected with the fact that the Russian authorities perceive the activities of such organizations or the opposition as the activities of agents. In our legislation, the concept of “involved” has appeared, which is understood as an extremely wide range of grounds. But there is a curious paradox here. begin. And soon after that, these tightening laws and the emergence of new agents, undesirable organizations, etc. But Biden won, whose administration, according to ideas, will be much more seriously involved in Russian affairs. But the West used such leniency and stepped up its intervention and support for the opposition. In Russia, this is attributed to the mistakes of Alexander Lukashenko, and the mistakes include the fact that he too allowed the intelligentsia to express themselves, to work with non-profit organizations, etc. Moreover, as a continuation of external pressure on Russia. There were not only foreign agents, but also, for example, a ban on participation in elections for those involved in the activities of extremist movements. One – last year's events in Belarus. At the same time, the main part of the relevant laws was not even adopted last year, but the current agents and organizations, whose activities were recognized as undesirable, did not activate and reorient their activities, which were not approved by the Ministry of Justice, this year. Experts believe that this is a reaction of the authorities to attempts at external interference One of the differences in the outgoing year in the political sphere was a noticeable increase in the number of various foreign agents and undesirable organizations included in the registers of the Ministry of Justice. To a clarifying question whether this means that in the next year or two, in the absence of federal elections, the authorities will refrain from widespread use of tough measures, the expert replied negatively: the main decisions in this area have already been taken, and they are unlikely to change. Formally, there was no such ban even in Soviet times. That is, the main thing here is the idea of the Russian authorities and the Russian power corporation that this is a purely external factor, dating back to the Soviet era. And now we have already erected a monument to Solzhenitsyn and a decision is being made to erect a monument to Sakharov. That is, the situation with foreign agents and undesirable organizations fits into the general trend. At the same time, however, he pointed out the authorities' desire to protect the federal elections from external influence as the direct reason for the active replenishment of the lists of unfriendly participants in the political process in the outgoing year. Yevgeny Minchenko, president of the communication holding Minchenko Consulting, answering the question of MK, also pointed out a direct connection between the fact that those entered in the registers of the Ministry of Justice are perceived as a kind of “fifth column” measures are being taken against them. The second point, apart from Belarus, is the results of the presidential elections in the United States. This was used during the elections so that people who expressed their sympathy for the recognized extremist organization FBK did not participate in them. And in history textbooks they are presented as positive characters. In Soviet times, then analysts proceeded from the assumption that the main dissidents were Western agents – both Alexander Solzhenitsyn and Andrei Sakharov. Now we have a new version of the “cold war” with the West, and, accordingly, there is a tightening of policy within the country. So what's the deal? Истoчник www.mk.ru This is how Alexey Makarkin, vice president of the Center for Political Technologies Foundation, explained one of the features of the outgoing year: – It can be linked to other political decisions. In principle, this position is consistent with the one held by the Soviet government in relation to the dissident movement. And there was an idea that in the second term, Trump would have more opportunities to influence his own administration. And therefore, the attitude towards the internal opposition was less harsh, although it is perceived as a continuation of the external factor. And the law enforcement practice is tightening, for example, regarding the so-called “Dadin's article”, according to which one can receive criminal punishment for several administrative violations under the law on rallies. Experts' opinions on this matter differ in details, but they are unanimous in one thing: this is the reaction of the authorities to changes in the political situation that have taken place or are expected this year.